[By Paul Goddin for Mobility Lab]
An employment opportunity brought Matt Smith (above right), a 30-year old business-development manager, to the Washington D.C. area from Shrewsbury, Pennsylvania in 2009.
He chose to live in Arlington because of its urban feel and plethora of transportation options. “Arlington feels like D.C. to me, but it’s cleaner and greener,” said Smith, who works at goDCgo in the same suite as Mobility Lab. “I hear people complain about the Metro here and I just don’t get it. We don’t have anything like that where I’m from.”
Smith’s appreciation for transit is aligned with those of his peers, as furthered in yet another new study, this one from the U.S. Public Interest Research Group (USPIRG) and the Frontier Group, linking Millennials with changing attitudes and habits around the automobile.
Millennials in Motion was released this month and finds that Millennials are driving less than any prior generation. It also suggests that this generation (people born between 1983 and 2000) is acquiring driving habits that may be more permanent than previously believed.
- less likely to own a car, and when they do, they drive it less
- more likely to choose active transportation – transit, walking, or biking
- less likely to possess a driver’s license, and
- more likely to live in walkable, urban places with good transportation options.
A Wealth of Recent Findings
Studies linking Millennials with reduced automobile reliance and a preference for active transportation are plentiful. Among them:
- a report from Zipcar showing that Millennials would rather give up their car than their cell phone,
- a report from the Rockefeller Foundation and Transportation for America stating that the population cohort “would consider moving to another city if it had more and better options for getting around,” and
- a report from the American Public Transportation Association indicating that Millennials prefer walkable, multimodal, urban places.
The Next Question
Nobody any longer debates that Millennials’ driving habits are different than prior generations. What has remained unclear is whether these habits are temporary – due to matters of personal economics, the United States’ recent recession, or life stage, for instance – or will be more lasting. If the latter is true, then the policy implications are vast, not only for automobile manufacturers, but for cities intent on attracting this generation.
USPIRG’s report is a follow-up to a report the organization performed two years ago. The persistence over this time frame of Millennials’ attitudes and habits surrounding the automobile suggests the generation’s habits may be solidifying.
It will probably take years to determine whether Millennials’ relationship with the automobile is fundamentally different than other generations. For the time being at least, Millennials are driving less, and this trend has not abated.
Arlington Adapting Well to Millennial Needs
Arlington, Virginia is an example of a place benefitting with Millennials from its richness of transportation options. According to the most recent U.S. Census numbers, 28 percent of Arlington is composed of 25- to 34-year-olds. The Rosslyn-Ballston corridor is ground zero for the age group, with the highest proportion of Millennials (nearly 44 percent) in the country, according to Redfin.
Arlington doesn’t just benefit from the transit present in the county, but from the robust practice of transportation demand management (TDM), which wrings more efficiency out of the existing transportation network. Arlington’s TDM agency, Arlington County Commuter Services (ACCS), played a significant role in, among many other things, the creation of Capital Bikeshare.
Chris Hamilton, ACCS bureau chief, said, “As long as Millennials are choosing to drive less than prior generations, Arlington will have a distinct advantage over our neighbors. Our commitment to transit-oriented development and TDM gives us a leg up on the competition.”
Photo by Flickr user M.V. Jjantzen.